How to examine Doshas?
In our body, if we want to visualize the condition of organ, then one has to see the sign of tridoshas. Very rarely we require investigations of the body. Each dosha has their own characteristics and functions. Looking at increase or decrease in their characteristics and functions, we can easily diagnose the diseases and can treat accordingly. So in Ayurveda, treatment is nothing but maintain the harmony in doshas with the help of herbal remedies, diet and lifestyle.
What is Vata Dosha?
Unity is required for formation and separation is necessary for destruction of certain subject. These both functions are performed by Vata Dosha. It get formed with the combination of space and air element, characteristics with dry, rough, cold, minute, mobile. It is present all over body, hollow empty space represents Vata Dosha, main seats are large intestine, bladder, ear, nerves, blood vessels, bones, skin, etc.
The entire activities, movement of the body, blood circulation, function of the nervous system, digestion, excretion of waste products, etc. perform by Vata dosha.
What is Pitta Dosha?
For the transformation, conversion or to change the form of any object heat is very important, similarly the transformation, digestion in our body takes place by body heat, which is called as Pitta Dosha. It is the combination of fire and water element. Pitta Dosha is warm, sharp, light, shiny, bright, penetrating, smooth, it has specific odor.
Pitta Dosha presents all over body but mainly situated at liver, gall bladder, pancreas, skin, eyes, blood, stomach, endocrine system (hormone), etc.
Pitta Dosha maintain body heat, helps in digestion of the food, intelligence, feeling of thirst, hunger, taste to tongue, hormonal changes in the body, health of skin, metabolism, function of vision, etc. conducted by Pitta Dosha.
What is Kapha Dosha?
Making body firm, heavy and helping the union of two or more substances are the important functions carried out by Kapha Dosha, it is the combination of water and earth element. It is cold, heavy, slow, soft, firm, semi-solid and sticky, similar to mucus.
Mainly situated in chest, throat, head, joint, stomach, nose, and tongue and help in lubrication. Also impart firmness, weight, strength to the body. It oleats the body internally and externally and help in growth.